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Geography of Puri

The historic city of Odisha and one of the four Dhaams of the Hindu religion Puri is one of the major tourist attraction of the state.

Geography of Jagannath Puri

Location of Puri

Puri is located at 19.8°N 85.85°E and has an average elevation of 0 meters (0 feet). The district of Puri is spread over an area of 3,051 sq km (1,178 sq mi) and has a population of 1,502,682 with a density of 492/sq km (1,270/sq mi). The district of Puri has as such no hills present within its boundaries except one of the smallest land used for the purpose of cultivation are now under plough. Puri district is known for the cultivation of several varieties of rice in its areas.

Rivers in Puri District

All the rivers flowing from the district of Puri have several similar characteristics in them. During the summer season they become the beds of the tiny sand streams while in rains they carry huge amount of water than that of their capacity. Mostly all the rivers are the distributaries of the river Mahanadi.

The rivers that flow through the district are Kushabhadra River, which is a branch of the Kuakhai River, Daya River, which is also one of the branches of the River Kuakhai which then connects with the Chilika Lake. Kadua River is said to be a monsoon feed river which finally reaches to the River Prachi, Bhargavi River which is also one of the branches of the river Kuakhai which meets the Bay of Bengal after dividing up into various distributaries when it reaches its final course. Some small rivers namely Nuna and Ratnachira are also there in puri which drains into the Daya River and the Bhargabi River respectively.

Weather of Puri

Being on the coast of the Bay of Bengal the district of Puri enjoys the cool breeze flowing from the Bay of Bengal which makes the hot and tropical weather of Puri during the summers m tolerable in compare to the places of interior Odisha. The weather here remains humid in summers which is said to be between the months of March and June. In the months of July to August the temperature remains modest and the months between October and January are said to be winter season. During the month of June Puri witnesses the south west monsoon and the temperatures tends to fall to around 28° C up to the month of October. Around 250 mm rainfall is measured during the months of July and August, which goes up to the minimum of approximately 127 mm by the month of October. Puri witnesses the winters from November, when the temperatures starts decreasing and reaches at an average of 16° C in the month of December and January. The Cold winds blow from the North East that tends to keep the temperatures comparatively low regardless of the dazzling sunshine.

Geographical Constraints of Puri

Given below is some of the geographical information about Puri:

Latitude - 19.816° North latitude
Longitude - 85.833° East longitude
Altitude – 0 meters
Time Zone - UTC+5:30

Months of Summer Season- March - May
Avg. Maximum Temp. -  36° C
Avg. Minimum Temp. - 24° C
Avg. Precipitation - 40 mm

Months of Winter Season- November - February
Avg. Maximum Temp - 28° C
Avg. Minimum Temp - 17° C
Avg. Precipitation - 23 mm

Months of Monsoon - June - October
Avg. Maximum Temp - 32° C
Avg. Minimum Temp - 25° C
Avg. Precipitation - 220 mm

Odisha being located on the coast of the Bay of Bengal is also very much prone to the cyclones and especially the Districts of Puri which is located the most closer to the cost of the sea. Puri being located on the coast gets most affected by the cyclones and high winds. Puri is said to be comparatively much safer from the calamities of earthquakes due to its location which is counted in one of the relatively secure “seismic zone II”. The subsidiaries of Mahanadi provide the drinking water facility to the district of Puri. There are also several ponds and pools in the district that work as storage of the rain water.

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